These little creatures have been useful to the human race for centuries now. They provide us with honey which has great nutritional and economic significance. Honey bees are gentle in nature and usually won’t harm anyone until they perceive a danger for their hive. They are about 3/4 inch long and each bee hive may have up to 80000 bees most of which would be the workers. Honey bees build a hive which is their home and it is ruled by a Queen bee which is the largest bee in the hive.
These small insects have great significance in our lives and in this article we will discuss some amazing things about Honey bees that you must know.
1.There are 16,000 known bee species.
Most are solitary insects; only about 5 percent are social bees, the most common being the honeybee. As many as 80,000 of them colonize a single hive.
The male honeybees sole purpose in the hive is to mate with the Queen. The worker bees kick the drones lazy asses out once there is food shortage in the hive.
3.The Kind of Sex to Die For
After mating the drones die afterwards from a ruptured abdomen. Their endophallus remains inside the queen after mating which leads to their death.
4.The Sperm Collector
Apparently the queen collects more than 70 million sperm from multiple males.
5.The Queen or King?
Before the late 1660s the queen has always been known as the king. All thanks to Dutch scientist Jan Swammerdam who discovered ovaries after dissecting the biggest bee in the hive.
6.Can Someone call Homeland Security!
Australian researchers discovered that honeybees can distinguish human faces. The insects were shown black-and-white pictures and given treats for right answers.
7.Oh, someone did call Homeland Security.
In the Stealthy Insect Sensor Project, Los Alamos scientists have trained bees to recognize explosives.
The term “honeymoon” is derived from an old northern European custom in which newlyweds would consume a daily cup of mead, made with fermented honey, for a month.
9.They have knees?
The term “bee’s knees” was coined by American cartoonist Tad Dorgan , who was also responsible for “the cat’s pajamas,” “the flea’s eyebrows,” “the canary’s tusks,” and (apropos of nothing) “Yes, we have no bananas.”
During World War I, honey was used to treat the wounds of soldiers because it attracts and absorbs moisture, making it a valuable healing agent.
11.Where’s the expiry date?
Honey never spoils. Ever.
12.Bumblebees can estimate time intervals.
Researchers have found that the insects extend their tongues in tandem with the rhythm of a sweet reward. This aids in the hunt for nectar, whose availability waxes and wanes.
Melittosphex burmensis, recently found preserved in amber in a mine in northern Myanmar, is the oldest bee known. It lived 100 million years ago.
14.No hybrids please!
After he had pioneered the laws of genetics with pea plants, Austrian monk Gregor Mendel bred a strain of hybrid bees. Unfortunately, they were so vicious he had to kill them.
The buzz that you hear when a bee approaches is the sound of its four wings moving at 11,400 strokes per minute. Bees fly an average of 15 miles per hour.
16.Kill or be killed
A newly hatched queen immediately kills all other hatched and unhatched queens in the hive.
17.The Honeybee Boogie:
In 1943 Austrian zoologist Karl von Frisch published his study on the dances bees perform to alert fellow workers. A round dance indicates that food is close by; a waggle dance means it is distant.
18.The bee regiment
Worker bees have strictly regimented roles, including that of undertakers who drag their dead siblings from the hive.
19.As clean as a pin
On the April 1984 Challenger flight, 3,300 bees, housed in a special but confining box, adapted perfectly to zero gravity and built a nearly normal comb. But they didn’t go to the toilet. Since bees excrete only outside the hive, they held it in for seven days. A NASA spokesperson said the space hive was “just as clean as a pin.”
20.A visitor on the way
According to an old wives’ tale, a bee entering your house means a visitor is on his way, and if you kill the bee, the visitor won’t be a pleasant one. Suffice to say, invite that unexpected honeybee guest to sit down to tea.
21.They’ve got sum moves
They converse with one another by dancing. More on their amazing intellect of time, communiqué of space and trend in “The Awesome Honeybee Dance”.
22.They Sting like a bee
You will need approximately 1100 honey bee stings to be critical.
23.They are smart
Each honey bee colony has a distinctive scent for members’ recognition.
24.You can’t be smarter
They have elliptical brains which are approximately the size of a sesame seed, yet their incredible ability to gain knowledge of and memorize things and make difficult calculations on distance traveled and foraging effectiveness.
25.Improved memory and better brain functioning
Honey is considered the lone food that includes the entire substances required to maintain life, with enzymes, vitamins, minerals, and water; and it’s the only foodstuff that contains “pinocembrin”, an antioxidant linked with enhanced brain operation.
26.Only insects that produce food
Honey bees are the only creatures that produce a substance consumed by human beings, honey.
Honey is only collected during the summer months and during the colder months Honey bees survive by eating the honey they have stored in the hive
28.Forget the Airconditioner
Honey bees maintain a steady temperature of approximately 93º F in the hive all year. During winter months when the temperature starts to fall the bees form a cluster all around the hive to keep themselves and the hive warm.
29.The Queen lays eggs in all her life.
The queen Honey bee can lay up to 1500 eggs each day and almost a million eggs in her whole lifetime. Worker bees take care of food and grooming for the queen because she hardly has free time from laying eggs in all her life.
30.They play an important role in pollination
The scientific name of Honey bee is Apis mellifera and they have great significance for the environment as they play an important role in pollination.